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“全球纯素化现在是生存的必要”──IPCC评审专家

吃素好

原文:https://www.veganeasy.org/discover/news/global-veganisation-is-now-a-survival-imperative-ipcc-expert-reviewer/
注:译文谨供参考。

“Global veganisation is now a survival imperative” – IPCC expert reviewer
“全球纯素化现在是生存的必要”──IPCC评审专家

Published 9 June 2022
发表日期:2022年6月9日

Governments are warned that a mass move to a vegan diet - without meat or animal products - is imperative for the survival of humanity.
各国政府被警告说,人类为了生存必须大规模转向纯素饮食──没有肉类和动物产品。

A group comprising Nobel laureates, 14 cities, and 40,000 individuals, are urging countries to transition to plant-based food at an international climate summit in Germany which started this week.
在本周德国召开的国际气候峰会上,一个囊括了多位诺贝尔奖得主、14座城市和40,000名人士的组织(“Plant Based Treaty”)强烈呼吁世界各国过渡到植物性饮食。

Research from the IPCC shows greater uptake of the vegan diet would massively reduce emissions.
联合国政府间气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)的研究表明,加大采纳纯素饮食可以大幅削减(温室气体)排放量。

It comes as the New Zealand agriculture sector will today release its idea for a plan to price emissions.
新西兰农业部门恰好也在今天发表其排放定价计划建议。(译注:一旦通过该项计划,动物农业排放温室气体将要按规定的价格纳税。)

Animal agriculture is responsible for a third of human-caused methane emissions, with the gas particularly damaging although the effect is comparatively short lived compared to emissions from things like cars or the industrial sector.
动物农业造成了三分之一的人为甲烷排放量。甲烷这种温室气体的破坏性特别大,然而较之于汽车或工业部门排放的其它温室气体,甲烷致暖效应的持续时间相对短暂。

IPCC expert reviewer Dr Peter Carter said the global climate catastrophe could not be averted without the elimination of meat and dairy from diets.
IPCC评审专家彼得·卡特(Peter Carter)医师表示,如果人类饮食不去除肉类和奶制品,将无法避免全球气候大灾难(global climate catastrophe)。

“Ethically, all unnecessary methane sources have to be cut as fast and far as feasible. That means global veganisation is now a survival imperative,” Carter said.
卡特说:“从道德上讲,必须尽快尽量地缩减所有不必要的甲烷来源。这意味着全球纯素化现在是(人类)生存的必要。”

Vegan Society Aotearoa spokesperson Claire Insley said humans have six years to make large cuts in emissions or the planet will blow past the 1.5 degrees of warming beyond which there are catastrophic consequences.
新西兰纯素协会发言人克莱尔·英斯利(Claire Insley)表示,人类还有六年时间大幅削减温室气体排放,否则地球升温幅度将很快突破1.5摄氏度,从而导致一系列的大灾难后果。

She said it was absolutely vital that humans broke their meat habit.
她声称人类绝对有必要打破肉食习惯。

“Diet is something that you can change really easily, really quickly, you don’t need any new technology for it, we don’t need to get a silver wand and make any magic happen.”
“饮食这种东西你可以真的很容易、真的很快就改变了,为此你不需要什么新技术,我们并不需要搞到一根银魔杖来创造任何奇迹。”

“We can do [it] right now.”
“我们现在就可以做[这件事](改变饮食)。”

Insley said far more people can be fed with plants per acre than by animal farming.
英斯利还说,每英亩土地用来种植食物(供人类食用)比养殖动物能够养活更多的人口。

“We don’t have the resources to have eight billion people eating meat and dairy … it just doesn’t exist on this one planet that we are on, so we do actually have to move towards a plant-based diet.”
“我们不拥有能让80亿人吃肉喝奶的资源……在我们所处的这一座星球上根本就不存在这样的条件,所以我们实际上是不得不转向植物性饮食。”

“And … the quicker we do that the quicker we will be saving our land, the quicker we will be saving our water resources, and actually it improves our human health.”
“而且……我们若能更快地过渡到植物性饮食,我们也就能更快地拯救我们的土地,更快地拯救我们的水资源,实际上同时还改善我们人类的健康。”

She cited an Otago University study from 2020 which showed savings to the health system if New Zealanders switched to a totally plant based diet of up to $20 billion over the lifetime of the current population.
她援引了奥塔哥大学(Otago University)2020年的研究结果:新西兰现有人口如果终生采用纯植物性饮食,医疗卫生系统可以节省开支高达200亿新西兰元。

She said younger people were more keen to make the switch to vegan because they were not as bound to a tradition of eating meat, and they were also the ones who would have to live in a world which would be severely impacted by climate change.
据她透露,比较年轻的人更热衷于采纳纯素饮食,因为他们没那么容易受到肉食传统的束缚,而且他们将来还可能不得不生活在一个被气候变化严重影响的世界。

New Zealand ranks fourth in the world in Google searches about veganism.
新西兰是世界上谷歌搜索纯素食主义(veganism)内容次数最多的第四个国家。(译注:排名前三的国家为英国、德国和奥地利。)

Insley noted that New Zealand officials successfully argued the term ‘sustainable’ be used rather than ‘plant-based’ diet in the influential summary document of the latest IPCC climate report – although it does appear in the underlying report.
英斯利指出,最新IPCC气候报告在编撰有影响力的摘要文件时,新西兰官员成功主张在饮食措词上使用术语“sustainable”(“可持续”)代替“plant-based”(“植物性”)(此举偷换概念)──尽管“plant-based”确实在原报告中(反复)出现了(50多次)。

Humans ‘eating their way to extinction’
人类“吃往灭绝之路”

The Plant Based Treaty group says humans are “eating their way to extinction”, and instead “must face the inconvenient truth and begin global negotiations to provide a worldwide transition to a plant-based economy”.
“植物性条约”(Plant Based Treaty)组织宣称人类正在“吃往灭绝之路”,因此“必须正视不利真相并开展全球谈判,以促进整个世界过渡到植物性经济。”

It said there were many co-benefits to shifting to a plant-based food system.
该组织认为,转向植物性食品体系可以带来许多的协同效益(co-benefits)。

“It would reduce air, land and water pollution, improve food security and food justice, reduce healthcare costs and provide economic savings for consumers.”
“这样可以减少空气、土地和水污染,增强粮食保障和食品正义,降低医疗保健费用,并且节省消费者的经济支出。”

“A shift to a vegan diet would also have positive impacts on multiple public health crises including diet-related diseases, with reduced deaths from heart disease, type 2 diabetes and some cancers.”
“采纳纯素饮食还可以积极改善包括饮食相关疾病在内的多重公共卫生危机,有效降低心脏病、2型糖尿病和某些癌症的死亡人数。”

Original Article > Hamish Cardwell, Radio New Zealand
原始文章 > Hamish Cardwell, Radio New Zealand

译注:
某些肉食者自定义的“可持续健康饮食”(“sustainable healthy diets”)包含肉、禽、鱼、蛋等动物产品,妄想“可持续”并“健康”地吃肉下去,自以为“均衡饮食”(“balanced diets”)少不了那块肉。
然而,梦想是美好的,但现实是残酷的。当肉食患者连病都看不上的时候,残酷现实就毫不留情地上来打脸了。但愿人人都不要遭遇如此悲惨的境地!首先,还得反思一下什么是真正的“可持续健康饮食”和“均衡饮食”?请做出实事求是的饮食定义!

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