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欧洲的食品供应链有多么干净?

吃素好

原文:https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/publications/how-clean-are-europe-s-food-supply-chains
注:译文谨供参考。


How Clean Are Europe’s Food Supply Chains?
《欧洲的食品供应链有多么干净?》

The Myths Fueling the Massive Growth of Spain’s Pork Industry
连篇谎言推动西班牙猪肉产业的巨大增长


Spain’s pork industry is an example of a European food supply chain where worker and environmental exploitation are rife. Despite the industry narrative hailing it an economic miracle and the support it receives from policymakers at the national and European level, there are serious questions being raised about the sector’s financial and environmental sustainability.
西班牙的猪肉产业是欧洲食品供应链普遍存在工人和环境剥削的一个典型例子。尽管其自我吹嘘创造了经济奇迹并获得了本国和欧洲决策者的支持,但是人们对该产业的财政和环境可持续性提出了严重疑问。

This report, based on investigations carried out by Lighthouse Reports, focuses on the Spanish pork industry as a case study to illustrate how internal European agri-food supply chains need cleaning up, both literally and figuratively.
本报告根据(荷兰非营利组织)Lighthouse Reports(“灯塔报告”)的调查结果,聚焦西班牙猪肉产业并将其作为案例研究,通过实例论证了欧洲内部(肮脏)的农业食品供应链需要进行清理──从真实和比喻两方面来看都是如此。

It highlights how, despite efforts to present itself as a bastion of artisanal, small-scale production, the Spanish pork sector is heavily industrialized, extremely polluting, and based on violations of basic human rights such as the right to safe, dignified working conditions or to clean drinking water.
虽然西班牙猪肉产业竭力自我标榜为小规模手工式生产的捍卫者,但本报告重点反映的事实是该产业本身高度工业化、极度污染并且践踏基本人权,例如获得有尊严的安全工作条件和清洁饮用水的权利等。

The practices employed to produce pork in Spain and the consequences for nature and the people who live near, or work in pig farms and slaughterhouses, are not unique to this country.
西班牙生产猪肉所采用的做法及其对自然环境、养猪场/屠宰场工人和附近居民造成的后果都不是本国独有的(,类似的情况在其他国家同样可以看得到)。

The EU and its member states already have a set of environmental and labor laws which should ensure that the violations do not take place and that victims can seek redress. However, companies exploit loopholes in legislation and lax monitoring and enforcement by national authorities continue.
欧盟及其成员国已经拥有了一系列的环境法和劳动法,应能确保那些违法行为不会发生而且受害者也能够寻求赔偿。然而,一方面有些公司在钻法律的空子,另一方面国家机关仍存在监督和执法不严的现象。

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